Collateral

  • Margin Requirements and Collateral Deposits

    As a central counterparty for the derivatives market, Clearinghouse requires collateral to be pledge by its participants as a mean to protect itself from the risk associated with their transactions. Should a participant default, the Clearinghouse will be responsible for the settlement of its trades, however, it can use the participant´s pledged collateral to compensate for any such losses that may occur.
    Collateral margin is defined by the risk for the closeout of a portfolio faced by the clearinghouse.

    In order to calculate the risk for the closeout of a portfolio consisting of positions and collateral from several markets and asset classes, B3 developed an innovative risk measure: Close-Out Risk Evaluation (CORE).

    Key CORE benefits:

    • It calculates the worst accumulated cash flow during the portfolio closeout process
    • It calculates the joint risk for positions and collateral
    • It models three types of risk: market, liquidity for positions and collateral, and cash flow
    • Accurate closeout strategy: position closeout transactions and collateral execution
    • Severe loss (stress test): confidence level of 99.96% or 10Y crisis
    • It considers 10,000 scenarios: historical (since 2002), quantitative and prospective
    • Multi-horizon: daily closeout operations (1 to 10 days)
    • It apllies full valuation

    As Brazil is a final beneficiary owner model, B3 collateral management system accounts are segregated by each beneficiary owner in specific Custody Accounts. The system updates investor positions on a real-time basis.

  • Posting Collateral Abroad to 4373 Nonresident Investors

    The CMN Resolution #4569 authorizes nonresident investors to post collateral abroad for the transactions in the Brazilian financial and capital markets carried out within the scope of the clearinghouses and clearing and settlement service providers authorized by the Central Bank of Brazil (BCB).

    In circular #3838, BCB established that, given the haircuts associated with market prices, the total amount of assets liable to be held abroad to meet domestic collateral requirements cannot exceed eight percent (8%) of the aggregate margin value required by the relevant clearing and settlement system.
    Posting collateral abroad is available for trades in BM&FBOVESPA segment. Nonresident investors can post collateral abroad in B3’s accounts with DTCC (The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation), Euroclear and Citibank.

    The nonresident investors domiciled in the United States of America, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Luxemburgo and Cayman Islands, are allowed to post collateral abroad.
    In connection with the nonresident investors domiciled in the USA that are incorporated as brokers or investment firms and are subject to the procedures provided for in the Securities Investor Protection Act, the clearinghouse does not accept the post of collateral abroad.

    Nonresident investors who intend to post collateral abroad must send their supplementary registration information, through their Brazilian broker, to B3 Participant Registration Center. The investors who have been duly registered may request to B3, through the relevant broker, a request for limit reservation for the post of collateral abroad.
    In compliance with Circular #3838, the Circular Letter 011/2017-DO, establishes the operation for posting collateral abroad in favor of the Clearinghouse by nonresident investors.

    The following assets are accepted as collateral posted abroad (only for nonresident investors that comply with the criteria established in Clearinghouse Risk Management Manual):

    • U.S. dollars (Citibank only)
    • U.S Treasury bills, bonds or notes
    • ADRs representing stocks eligible to be accepted as collateral
    • Sovereign Debt of Germany (Euroclear only)

    The value of the collateral is calculated by CORE.

    Detailed information about B3’s account at DTCC:

    B3’s account in DTCC = 0822
    To transfer securities held in any other account at the Fed to the DTC’s Fed account on any business day, the Fed securities movement must always be made by 3:15 p.m. New York time through the Federal Reserve book-entry securities transfer system.  Here is how to instruct the movement from their Fed account to DTC's account at the FRBNY. 

    DTC's ABA#:  026002066
    DTC's Name: DTC SDFS
    Receiving Account: CUST
    Receiving Bank Info:   FDO/participant number (Note:  this would be the participant that will submit the pledge, not B3)
    Cash Value:  0.00
    Par Amount: The quantity of securities to be transferred

    Detailed information about B3‘s account at Euroclear:

    B3’s account in EUROCLEAR for NON US investors = 17957

    B3’s account in EUROCLEAR for US investors = 25393

    To transfer securities held in any other account at the Fed to the Euroclear’s Fed account on any business day, the Fed securities movement must always be made by 07:00 pm Brussels time.  Here is how to instruct the movement from their Fed and DTC account to Euroclear's account at the JP Morgan Chase. 

    Fedwire Format (free of payment) for US investors:

    Fed Account : 021000021 / EURCLR
    SPC INS:  G23019 EURO25393
    DTCYID: 1970

    Fedwire Format (free of payment) for NON US investors:

    Fed Account : 021000021 / EURCLR
    SPC INS:  G23019 EURO17957
    DTCYID: 1970

    DTC Format (free of payment) for US investors:
    DTC account: 1970
    SPC INS:  G21691 EURO25393
    Agent Bank: 01970
    Institution Number: 00026097

    DTC Format (free of payment) for Non US investors:
    DTC account: 1970
    SPC INS:  G21691 EURO17957
    Agent Bank: 01970
    Institution Number: 00026097

     

    Procedure to post U.S. Treasuries, ADRs and German Bunds as collateral:

    • The investor chooses to pledge to B3 at either Euroclear or DTCC;
    • The investor asks its Brazilian broker to apply to B3 for the client to be allowed to post collateral abroad;
    • B3 authorizes collateral to be posted abroad by the relevant nonresident investor upon verification of the limit availability;
    • The investor specifies collateral information to his broker, submitting details including ISIN or CUSIP securities ID, amount, maturity, trade date, settlement date and the counterparty account number;
    • In turn, the Broker requests the post of collateral by sending instructions to B3 (request the pledge at collateral management system - NGA);
    • The investor instructs its custodian bank to deliver the securities to B3’s account at Euroclear or DTCC;
    • At DTCC, B3 will be automatically notified when the investor´s collateral is transferred to its pledgee account;
    • At Euroclear, B3 instructs it to receive (free of payment) the securities;
    • When the transfer is settled, B3 collateral management system considers the securities as collateral.

    Events: B3 do not authorizes to post collateral that will have coupon payment or that has the maturity date in next ten working days counting from the record date. For the collateral posted, B3 will request to substitute or withdraw ten working days before the coupon payment or the maturity date counting from the record date.

    Costs: The costs to B3 charged by DTCC or Euroclear for the custody of assets are proportionally shared by B3’s brokers who request this service and who may transfer these costs to the investor.

    More info at: http://www.dtcc.com/  and http://www.euroclear.com

    Procedure to post U.S. Dollars as collateral:

    • The investor requests to its Brazilian broker the post of dollars as collateral;
    • The broker requests to B3 the post of dollars as collateral (request the pledge at collateral management system - NGA);
    • B3 authorizes collateral to be posted abroad by the relevant nonresident investor upon verification of the limit availability;
    • The investor transfers the dollars to B3’s cash account with Citibank;
    • As soon as Citibank confirms the post, B3 considers it as collateral;
    • The broker is notified by the collateral management system;
  • Posting Collateral Abroad to 2687 Nonresident Investors

    The CMN Resolution #2687 authorizes nonresident investors that only trade agricultural commodities to have some conveniences in terms of settling their transactions and posting collateral abroad.

    Customers who are nonresident investors, pursuant to CMN Resolution #2687, settle in U.S. Dollars their transactions carried out in B3 agricultural markets and post U.S. Treasuries and U.S. Dollars as collateral of their transactions.

    In circular #3838, BCB established that, given the haircuts associated with market prices, the total amount of assets liable to be held abroad to meet domestic collateral requirements cannot exceed eight percent (8%) of the aggregate margin value required by the relevant clearing and settlement system.

    The nonresident investors domiciled in the United States of America, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Luxemburgo and Cayman Islands, are allowed to post collateral abroad.

     

    The nonresident investors domiciled in the USA that are brokers or investment firms and are subject to the procedures provided for in the Securities Investor Protection Act, the clearinghouse does not accept as collateral ADR, U.S. Treasury bills, bonds or notes and German bonds, only U.S. dollars.

    Nonresident investors who intend to post collateral abroad must send their supplementary registration information, through their Brazilian broker, to B3 Participant Registration Center. The investors who have been duly registered may request to B3, through the relevant broker, a request for limit reservation for the post of collateral abroad.

    In compliance with Circular #3838, the Circular Letter 011/2017-DO, establishes the operation for posting collateral abroad in favor of the Clearinghouse by nonresident investors.

    Eligible assets accepted as collateral:

    • U.S. dollars
    • U.S. Treasury bills, bonds or notes

    Detailed information about B3‘s account for posting collateral:

    B3’s cash account in Citibank = 40804863
    B3’s securities account in Citibank = 093380
    Chips = 0008
    ABA = 021000089
    Swift = CITIUS33

    Detailed information about B3 ‘s account for settlement:

    BM&FBOVESPA’s account in Citibank = 40804898

    Procedure to post U.S. Dollars as collateral:

    • The investor requests to its Brazilian broker the post of dollars as collateral;
    • The broker requests to B3 the post of dollars as collateral (request the pledge at collateral management system - NGA);
    • B3 authorizes collateral to be posted abroad by the relevant nonresident investor upon verification of the limit availability;
    • The investor transfers the dollars to B3’s cash account with Citibank;
    • As soon as Citibank confirms the post, B3 considers it as collateral; and
    • The broker is notified by the collateral management system.

    Procedure to post U.S. Treasuries as collateral:

    • The investor requests to its Brazilian broker to apply to B3 for the investor to be allowed to post collateral abroad;
    • B3 authorizes collateral to be posted abroad by the relevant nonresident investor upon verification of the limit availability;
    • The investor specifies the intended collateral to his broker, submitting details including, ISIN or CUSIP securities ID, amount, maturity, trade date, settlement date and the counterparty account number;
    • In turn, the Broker requests the post of collateral by sending instructions to B3 (request the pledge at collateral management system - NGA);
    • The investor instructs its custodian bank to deliver the securities to B3’s account;
    • B3 instructs Citibank to receive (free of payment) the securities; and  
    • When the transfer is settled, B3 collateral management system considers the securities as collateral